Schlagworte: Ethics

Machine Ethics and Law in Cracow

The call for papers for „Machine Ethics and Machine Law“ has been released. This international conference will take place in Cracow (Poland) from 18 to 19 November 2016. According to the announcement, the deadline for abstract submissions is 9 September 2016. The following information is provided on the website: „Artificial Intelligence systems have become an important part of our everyday lives. What used to be a subject of science fiction novels and movies has trespassed into the realm of facts. Many decision making processes are delegated to machines and these decisions have direct impact on humans and societies at large. This leads directly to the question: What are the ethical and legal limitations of those artificial agents? Issues such as liability, moral and legal responsibility (in different contexts: from autonomous cars to military drones) are coming into the forefront. It is clear that some constraints should be imposed; both the unintended and often unforeseen negative consequences of the technological progress, as well as speculative and frightening views of the future portrayed in the works of fiction, leave no doubt that there ought to be some guidelines. The problem is to work out these constraints in a reasonable manner so that machine can be a moral and legal agent, or else argue that it is impossible and why.“ (conference website) The conference is a follow-up of the AAAI Spring Symposium on „Ethical and Moral Considerations in Non-Human Agents“ which was held in March 2016 at Stanford University. Further information via machinelaw.philosophyinscience.com.

Traktor

Fig.: Moral machines are also relevant in farming

Simple Moral Machines

Vom 21. bis zum 23. März 2016 findet an der Stanford University der Workshop „Ethical and Moral Considerations in Non-Human Agents“ statt, im Rahmen der AAAI Spring Symposia. Keynote-Speaker sind Ron Arkin (Georgia Institute of Technology), Maja Matarić (University of Southern California) und Luis Moriz Pereira (Universidade Nova de Lisboa). Organisiert wird der Workshop von Bipin Indurkhya (Jagiellonian University, Krakau) und Georgi Stojanov (The American University of Paris). Im Programmkomitee sitzen u.a. Peter Asaro (The New School, New York) und Patrick Lin (California Polytechnic State University). Einen der wissenschaftlichen Vorträge wird Oliver Bendel (Hochschule für Wirtschaft FHNW, Basel, Olten und Brugg-Windisch) halten. Aus dem Abstract von „Annotated Decision Trees for Simple Moral Machines“: „This article proposes an approach for creating annotated decision trees, and specifies their central components. The focus is on simple moral machines. The chances of such models are illustrated with the example of a self-driving car that is friendly to humans and animals. Finally the advantages and disadvantages are discussed and conclusions are drawn.“ Weitere Informationen über sites.google.com/site/ethicalnonhumanagents/.

policecar

Abb.: Ein als Polizeiwagen getarntes Roboterauto

Industrie 4.0 und Ethik

Der Artikel „Die Industrie 4.0 aus ethischer Sicht“ ist am 23. Juli 2015 in der Zeitschrift HMD – Praxis der Wirtschaftsinformatik erschienen, als „Online-First“-Artikel auf SpringerLink. Die deutsche Zusammenfassung: „Der vorliegende Beitrag arbeitet die wesentlichen Merkmale der Industrie 4.0 heraus und setzt sie ins Verhältnis zur Ethik. Es interessieren vor allem Bereichsethiken wie Informations-, Technik- und Wirtschaftsethik. Am Rande wird auf die Maschinenethik eingegangen, im Zusammenhang mit der sozialen Robotik. Es zeigt sich, dass die Industrie 4.0 neben ihren Chancen, die u. a. ökonomische und technische Aspekte betreffen, auch Risiken beinhaltet, denen rechtzeitig in Wort und Tat begegnet werden muss.“ Das englische Abstract: „This article highlights the essential features of the industry 4.0 and puts them in relation to ethics. Of special interest are the fields of applied ethics such as information, technology and business ethics. Machine ethics is mentioned in passing in connection with social robotics. It is evident that the industry 4.0 in addition to opportunities, affecting among other things economic and technical aspects, includes also risks which must be addressed in word and deed in a timely manner.“ Weitere Informationen über link.springer.com/article/10.1365/s40702-015-0163-z.

MOOC zur Technikethik

Der Coursera-Kurs „Technology and Ethics“ von Robert Bailey (The Ohio State University) findet ab 21. April 2014 statt und dauert sieben Wochen. Das Arbeitspensum beträgt laut Anbieter 3 bis 5 Stunden pro Woche, die Sprache ist Englisch. Der Kursinhalt wird wie folgt beschrieben: „Example technologies at play today include nuclear energy; biological manipulations for warfare; robots for taking care of the elderly, and enhancing human capability; the use of technology for surveillance; the cultural changing power of the media which can create unlimited arrays of images real and virtual to support a point of view; and the internet with its world wide connectivity.“ (Website des Anbieters) Ob im Falle der Pflege- und Haushaltsroboter auch die Maschinenethik einbezogen wird, ist nicht bekannt. Die Medizinethik wird sicherlich berücksichtigt. Weitere Informationen über https://www.coursera.org/course/techethics.