Schlagworte: Robot car

A Robot in the Robot

NeXus, the magazine of the student projects connectUS, Focus India, Insight China and exploreASEAN (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland FHNW), interviewed the machine ethicist and business information systems engineer Prof. Dr. Oliver Bendel. The first question Stephen Randes asked was: „Cars are an integral part of US culture and identity. How will self-driving cars be accepted in that market?“ The answer: „Some Americans will surely miss the fun of driving. However, there is a new kind of driving enjoyment. As everyone knows who has ever tried out the autopilot of the Tesla model S. Whether the social approval will be given remains to be seen. There are certainly reasons to reject autonomous cars in particular areas.“ The next question: „What about safety concerns? What happens if an accident cannot be avoided?“ The scientist’s answer: „This is a subject that we explore in machine ethics: whom shall the autonomous car kill if it cannot brake in time? You can teach it rules or feed it with cases, and make it a complex moral machine that decides on people’s life and death. I, personally, argue in favor of simple moral machines. I am not against robot cars – I advise not to let them drive at any place and at any time. It is a question of avoiding accidents if possible.“ The last question related again to the market and the development of mobility: „Market analysts expect 10 million self-driving cars on the roads by 2020. How do you think this will change mobility (individual transport, public transport, workplace commutes)?“ Oliver Bendel declared: „I see opportunities for public transport. In the Valais, PostAuto is testing autonomous shuttles. Their speed is very low, so that there can be hardly any damage. Private autonomous cars are well suited for the traffic between cities. New forms of car sharing are possible as well. Maybe one day self-driving cars might even be sent to fetch a pizza, which, however, implies that there is a robot in the robot – except the pizza is simply thrown into the car.“ A part of the interview was published in the April issue, including further information on the person and the motivation.

Mobile_Robot

Fig.: This robot could take the pizza

Fahrerassistenzsysteme für Tiere

Am 9. Oktober 2014 ist der Artikel „Advanced Driver Assistance Systems and Animals“ von Oliver Bendel in der Zeitschrift Künstliche Intelligenz erschienen. Im Abstract heißt es: „Advanced driver assistance systems are widely used. Some support and inform the driver. Others relieve him or her of certain tasks – and transform the human-guided system into a semi-autonomous one. For some years also fully autonomous systems have been on the roads, so-called self-driving cars, as prototypes of companies and within research projects. From the perspective of ethics – both of the special fields of ethics like animal ethics, information ethics and technology ethics and of machine ethics which can be understood as a counterpart to human ethics – advanced driver assistance systems raise various questions. The aim of this paper is to derive suggestions from animal ethics and other disciplines for the improvement and development of the systems. The basis are literature analysis and own classifications and considerations. The result is that there are many possibilities to expand existing systems and to develop new functions in the context with the aim to reduce the number of animal victims.“ Der Artikel kann über http://www.springer.de bezogen werden.

Cloud am Steuer

Das selbstständig fahrende Auto findet seinen Weg. Es hupt und weicht aus. Es verhandelt mit anderen Fahrzeugen, es schickt Nachrichten an die Werkstatt und den Hersteller. Wann es wirklich kommt, für die Massen, steht in den Sternen. Auf jeden Fall gibt es manch eine wolkige Aussage dazu. Der Artikel „Cloud am Steuer“, der vor einiger Zeit in der GDI Impuls erschienen ist, kann nun kostenlos heruntergeladen werden. Ein Dank geht an das Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute – und den Autor Christian Rauch. Wenn Roboter über die Straßen steuern, so fragt er, „welche ethischen und rechtlichen Konsequenzen hat das“? Beantwortet wird das – sehr konkret und unwolkig – u.a. von Patrick Lin, Roboter- und Maschinenethiker an der California Polytechnic State University, und Oliver Bendel, Wirtschaftsinformatiker, Informationsethiker und Maschinenethiker an der Hochschule für Wirtschaft FHNW.

nac

Abb.: New Autonomous Car (aus „Towards Machine Ethics“ von Oliver Bendel)